Generating nice and ordered random names

You may want to generate random names, ordered by alphabet, which sound nice, instead of using total random gibberish or, on the opposite, using standard “alpha”,”bravo” etc. naming convention.

This may be useful for naming product versions or any other purpose where you need a sequential indexing of items.

One solution is to use, enter the first letter in accordance to your current version, and pick one name to your liking from the generated results.


Photoshop PSD thumbnailer for Gnome file manager

This script generates a system script and associated meta-information for displaying Adobe Photoshop .PSD image thumbnails in Gnome file manager. It is intended to work with Nautilus, but also works with Nemo in Linux Mint 18.2 Sonya Cinnamon, even though “Add GConf Hooks” section of the script fails.

Run the script with sudo and reboot afterwards.

The script was acquired from here, and it is actually preferable that you get it from there, because here it may be automatically reformatted and fail at execution. It is posted here only for archival purposes.


# ———————————————————–
# — Write psdthumbnailer
# ———————————————————–
sudo cat <<‘EOF’ # bin/bash # Arguments / Parameters %i %o %s f_in=$1 f_out=$2 f_size=$3 # Execute Convert PSD to PNG through ImageMagick exec convert “psd:$f_in[0]” -scale “$f_sizex$f_size” “png:$f_out” EOF ) > $OUTFILE
# ———————————————————–
# — Write photoshop.thumbnailer
# ———————————————————–
sudo cat <<‘EOF’ # bin/bash [Thumbnailer Entry] TryExec=/usr/lib/psdthumbnailer Exec=/usr/lib/psdthumbnailer %i %o %s MimeType=image/vnd.adobe.photoshop; image/x-photoshop; image/x-psd; EOF ) > $OUTFILE
# ———————————————————–
# — Set File Permissions
# ———————————————————–
sudo chmod 0755 /usr/lib/psdthumbnailer
sudo chmod 0644 /usr/share/thumbnailers/photoshop.thumbnailer

# ———————————————————–
# — Add GConf Hooks to parse thumbnails
# ———————————————————–
sudo gconftool-2 –set /desktop/gnome/thumbnailers/image@vnd.adobe.photoshop/enable –type bool true

sudo gconftool-2 –set /desktop/gnome/thumbnailers/image@vnd.adobe.photoshop/command –type string “/usr/lib/psdthumbnailer %i %o %s %i %o %s”

# ———————————————————–
# — Install Dependencies
# ———————————————————–

sudo apt-get install imagemagick

Run a process in VirtualBox from outside

You can launch a program within an Oracle VirtualBox virtual machine from the host system’s command prompt.

Example 1:  Run notepad in MS Windows 7 virtual machine named “7” as user “user” with password “1” from Ubuntu:

  • VBoxManage guestcontrol "7" run --exe "C:\\Windows\\notepad.exe" --username user --password 1

Example 2: Output guest network info:

  • VBoxManage --nologo guestcontrol "7" run --exe "c:\\windows\\system32\\ipconfig.exe" --username user --password 1 --wait-stdout


  • You must have Guest Additions installed
  • The user account must have a password

Disable VirtualBox clock synchronization

For whatever reason you may want to disable the time/date synchronization between the VirtualBox guest system and the host OS.

See the example below to do that for an example virtual machine “myName”:

  • vmname=”myName”; printf “Disabling clock sync for vm: \”$vmname\”\n”; VBoxManage setextradata $vmname “VBoxInternal/Devices/VMMDev/0/Config/GetHostTimeDisabled” 1; VBoxManage setextradata $vmname “VBoxInternal/TM/TSCTiedToExecution” 1;

Unfortunately this is ignored when the virtual machine is shut down and then started again. The clock of the virtual machine will be forcefully synchronized to the host system clock. If you know a workaround, please post it in comments.

Missing php-mbstring

After (re-)installing PHP and attempting to run a script, you may see an error message saying “PHP Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Call to undefined function mb_strtoupper()”.

Well, you may be missing the php-mbstring extension to PHP. Simply install it by:

  • sudo apt-get install php-mbstring

Symbolic links in Nautilus/Caja

It is very irritating that there seems not to be an option for creating links to files in Gnome file manager Nautilus and its derivatives, like Caja. After all, this is such a useful feature, giving the user so much more convenience when working in Linux as compared to Windows.

It turns out, that the feature is actually there, but for some weird reason it is not available from the GUI.

Just press Ctrl+Shift and drag and drop your file between file manager’s windows, and a symbolic link will be created instead of copying the file.

As an alternative, you can do the dragging with the middle mouse button. Then on drop you will be shown a context menu with “Link Here” as an option.

Is my system 32 or 64 bit?

On Linux, to find out if you have 32 or 64 bit CPU just type:

  • arch