Client IP in SSH session

If you are writing a bash script and you want to know the remote public IP address of the client logged into the session via SSH, a simple way to do this is:

  • my_ip=`echo $SSH_CLIENT | awk '{ print $1}'`; echo $my_ip

Connecting to MySQL without a password

There may be situations when you need to log into MySQL without providing a password. Well, not exactly without providing it at all, but without doing it in an interactive way or writing it in the command line in plain text. A real life example is doing database dump for backup purposes.

Luckily MySQL provides a mechanism to do just that. What you do is you create a file accessible only to you and MySQL and save your password within.

The procedure is very simple:

  • Go to your home directory
  • Create a hidden file named .my.cnf
  • Open it in a text editor
  • Create a section called “[client]” and provide your MySQL password, like this:
  • Update access rights for better security:
chmod 600 .my.cnf

Find and replace text in all files in subdirectories

To search for and replace a text in all files in all subdirectories of the current directory:

  • find ./ -type f -exec sed -i -e 's/old-text/new-text/g' {} \;

Run a process in VirtualBox from outside

You can launch a program within an Oracle VirtualBox virtual machine from the host system’s command prompt.

Example 1:  Run notepad in MS Windows 7 virtual machine named “7” as user “user” with password “1” from Ubuntu:

  • VBoxManage guestcontrol "7" run --exe "C:\\Windows\\notepad.exe" --username user --password 1

Example 2: Output guest network info:

  • VBoxManage --nologo guestcontrol "7" run --exe "c:\\windows\\system32\\ipconfig.exe" --username user --password 1 --wait-stdout


  • You must have Guest Additions installed
  • The user account must have a password

Input line is too long

So you create a .bat file with a long list of arguments and it fails with a message:

“the input line is too long”

To avoid this, split your long single line into multitude of shorter lines separated by the caret character to mark the line break. Like this:

echo 1^


Missing php-mbstring

After (re-)installing PHP and attempting to run a script, you may see an error message saying “PHP Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Call to undefined function mb_strtoupper()”.

Well, you may be missing the php-mbstring extension to PHP. Simply install it by:

  • sudo apt-get install php-mbstring

Set auto-increment field value in MySQL

You have a table. The table has a primary key auto-increment numeric ID field. You want to fast-forward the ID to a certain value (which is larger than or equal to the last value the field has).

Example, let the ID of the next entered record be 1000:

  • ALTER TABLE `mytable` AUTO_INCREMENT = 1000;